For a discussion of the characteristics, functions, and forms of masks, see mask.
Wooden masks embody bush spirits, invoked to chicken egg prize machine benefit humankind and the natural forces on which life depends.
Traders beads and coiled brass or iron wire are the raw materials for elaborate personal ornaments in a variety of designs and colour combinations.The subtractive technique used to create these objects suggests the presence of a significant woodcarving tradition.Ross The coastal Fante are well known for their distinctive flags, inspired by the flags of colonizers, and for their concrete monuments, both associated with military companies.This mask appeared at harvest festivals and other celebrations.Figures of identical appearance serve for success in hunting, trading, and other activities, each figures specific youth writing contests canada 2017 purpose being known only to the owner.Stone sculpture occurs in several separate centres, employing both hard and soft rock, but there is usually not much evidence of a development through time in a single place.Edo peoples According to tradition, the kingdom of Benin was founded from Ife, whence, in the late 14th century, knowledge of brass casting may have been introduced into Benin City for the manufacture of commemorative heads for royal altars.Because Shango was king of Oyo, largest of the Yoruba kingdoms, his cult is mainly restricted to areas that were once under Oyo domination.Wooden figures are carved for ancestors of both sexes, varying from less than 1 to more than 5 feet (less than 30 to more than 150 cm) in height.Members of the corresponding male society, Poro, also wear masks, although they are of differing form.They are thought to be no earlier than the 16th century.One group is known for its kifwebe masks, which combine human and animal features painted in red, black, and white.
Both the Ngbaka and the Ngbandi make clay images to be used in funeral rituals.




Regalia, if made for the king, were of ivory but otherwise of brass.Decoratively carved food dishes, stools, headrests, mbira lamellaphones, and snuff bottles come from Zambia, Malawi, and Zimbabwe, together with distinctive baskets, clay pipe bowls carved in animal form, excellent pottery, and fine brass, copper, and aluminum wire intricately wound and plaited to embellish ax handles.Many were probably already ancient, but nothing is known of ancient Igala bronze casting.The savanna falls into the lower Congo, Kuba, and Luba cultural areas; the rainforest, into the northern, northeast, and northwest areas.The Konso and other peoples of southern Ethiopia carve wooden tomb posts about.5 feet (200 cm) high surmounted by carved heads and shoulders representing deceased nobles or warriors.Mbunda and others In Zambia the Mbunda, the Luvale, and the Chokwe make masks; those of the former are made of wood, and those of the latter two are made of painted coarse bark cloth on a wicker frame.Woodward Memorial Fund,.1138 Ancestor figures and fetishes carved by the Kongo and related peoples, who live along the coast and in the Mayombé forest, are more realistically expressive than the figures of other areas.
As to differences of style, regularities of form and tradition do occur such that it is possible to attribute particular African art objects to particular places, regions, or periods.


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